GlaxoSmithKline LLC et al v. Glenmark Generics Inc., USA, 1-14-cv-00877 (DED June 9, 2017, Order) (Stark, USDJ)
Tuesday, June 13, 2017
“Non-Infringing Alternative” Means Alternative that is Non-Infringing, Not Alternative That Could be Successfully Sued for Infringement
The court overruled defendants' objection to the magistrate judge's recommendation to deny defendants' motion for summary judgment that plaintiffs were not entitled to lost profits damages because no infringing alternatives existed in the but-for world. "Defendants insist that the but-for world to which comparisons must be made in order to assess [plaintiffs'] claim for lost profits damages is a world in which non-party manufacturers of generic carvedilol would have existed, and from which direct infringers (i.e., physicians) would have obtained carvedilol. . . . The undisputed evidence is that Defendants' generic carvedilol is interchangeable with the generic carvedilol of the non-party manufacturers; therefore, the generic carvedilol of these non-party manufacturers is an infringing alternative - and not a noninfringing alternative. These non-parties' products, thus, would not exist in the but-for world, which must be constructed to include 'likely outcomes with infringement factored out of the economic picture.'. . . That there is no evidence that the non-party generic manufacturers could be held liable for induced infringement, while Defendants are charged only with induced infringement, does not alter this conclusion. The issue for the lost profits calculation is whether the product is non-infringing, not whether the alternative supplier has been, or could be, successfully sued for infringement."